Testimony of Fr. Edward Orlowski (complet-click):
The action of the final killing of the Jews was solely and exclusively the action of the Germans; Poles were forced to assist Germans guarding the barn under threat of loss their lifes. From the testimony of a Jew in a legal case before a regional court in Lomza, it is unequivocally apparent that the Jews were burned in the barn by Germans. At least three Poles were pushed into the barn and burned there, they were pushed by the Germans and burned there along with the Jews."